Monday, February 24, 2014

research paper

I wrote a post earlier about doing some research so when I was asked by my english teacher to write a research paper I jumped at the chance to write about dysgraphia and to tell my classmates about it. This is the first draft of the paper I wrote so my mom hasn't edited it it has only been edited by me.

I am writing this paper because I have dysgraphia and it is something I want to know more about even though I have it I still don’t understand why I have it this is a question I hope to answer along with these. I want to find out how dysgraphia works, what causes dysgraphia, what others think dysgraphia is, and how to accommodate people with dysgraphia.  I also want to find out how my experience with dysgraphia differs from others and how they are similar.

            Dysgraphia is not very well known throughout the world the fact that no ones quite sure how many people have it is proof to this fact “8-15% of students are said to have dysgraphia” (5) it has a difference of 7% witch is fairly large compared to other things this is because some people who have other learning disabilities also have dysgraphia witch makes it hard to diagnose I who have a mom that diagnoses people for a living was diagnosed by her friend so it also not always something someone automatically goes to I knew something was wrong but she couldn’t see it. People with dysgraphia also have a hard time writing papers because they cant get there ideas in order if you give them an outline of what you want they will follow it to a t because otherwise they don’t know what to do “reviewed research on the characteristics of unskilled writers and concluded that they tend to spend little or no time planning before starting to write, often do not present ideas in a logical order, use very simple sentence structures (or conversely, write long and rambling sentences with repetitive use of conjunctions), produce very little material in the available time, and are reluctant to review and revise their work”(5) This also limits how accommodations work for them because you can let them use a computer to write but that only solves part of the problem. There are various problems that each individual can have when they have dysgraphia they can have all of or only a few of these Some people have trouble with spelling and grammar others have more difficulty with planning papers and actually writing them and others have a hard time getting the papers started but once they get going its easier I tend to have a hard time getting started if I don’t have something like a rubric to go off of as well as trouble with spelling and grammer.

There are some accommodations that work for some people but not others so you have to find what works for that specific person for example “If your child is bringing home grammar exercises that require her to identify parts of speech (nouns, verbs, adjectives) or sentence parts (subjects, predicates, etc.), try using multicolored markers to help her. Give her models to follow like lists of nouns in red, verbs in blue, and so forth. Then ask her to highlight the words in the exercise with the appropriate color. Use squares of multicolored paper with nouns printed on one color, verbs on another, and adjectives on a third. Let your child make a variety of sentences by arranging and rearranging the words. See if you can find a good computer game that will provide plenty of practice.”(1) This may work for some people but for me it wouldn’t help at all I still wouldn’t understand the difference between the verbs nouns and various other grammar structures I also wouldn’t be able to pick them out on my own I would need almost constant help to do it.

            There are different types of spelling errors that various people with dysgraphia make. One kind of error is with written spelling “Patients who were unable to have a mental image of the shape of letters and made, in written spelling, case mixing errors or letter substitution errors between letters having a similar shape”(3) written spelling error happen when someone cant remember how to write a certain letter or switch two letters that look similar. Typing spelling errors are very similar to written spelling errors except that sometimes people hit the wrong key as well as spelling things wrong. Oral spelling errors tend to be substations and switching letters around.

            People often don’t under stand that a learning disability is something you’re born with “there reading and writing difficulties are often attributed to laziness, inattention, or emotional maladjustment.”(4) I have had many teachers call me lazy and say I don’t try hard enough so why should they try to accommodate this laziness of mine. “Dysgraphia is one of the more hidden learning disabilities. It is not readily visible at first glance. In fact, often people who have dysgraphia may be great readers and really smart in a lot of ways, so it is confusing why they seem to struggle so much with spelling, handwriting, and the rules of grammar.”(2)  it made things harder on me because I was trying my hardest and she refused to help me and I’m not the only one dysgraphia is not well known so the people that it affects have a hard time getting others to work with them because often people will ether say its not a real learning disability or they will say that the kid doesn’t really have it so they don’t have to help them.

            Dysgraphia is something that not much is known about but new things are coming out everyday and more and more people find out everyday. My goal in this essay was to answer some questions and I don’t think I found the answers to all of them I don’t know if the answers are out there yet but I hope to keep looking but I did find some things I wasn’t expecting to find like certain accommodations I had never thought of or that I don’t think will work. As well as answers to personal questions I have like what’s part of my learning disability and what’s part of me I sometimes have a hard time drawing the line but this helped it become clearer. All in all I’m glad I wrote this paper because it helped me learn more about something I have to handle everyday.

Works Cited
(1) Adelizzi, Jane Utley, and Diane B. Goss. Parenting Children with Learning Disabilities. Westport: Bergin & Garvey, 2001. Print.
(2) Cardon, Teresa Amber. Personal interview. 17 Feb. 2014.
(3) De Partz, Marie-Pierre, Aliette Lochy, and Agnesa Pillon. “Multiple levels of letter representation in written spelling: Evidence from a single case of dysgraphia with multiple deficits.” Behavioural Neurology 16.2/3 (2005): 119-41. Ebscohost. Web. 17 Feb. 2014.
(4) T. T. S. Ingram and Mrs. A. W. MasonThe British Medical Journal , Vol. 2, No. 5459 (Aug. 21, 1965) , pp. 463-465

(5) Westwood, Peter S. Learning and Learning Difficulties : A Handbook for Teachers. Camberwell: ACER, 2004. Print.

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